holyland

The Holy Land is a small yet diverse Middle Eastern country with a long coastline on the eastern Mediterranean Sea and a small window on the Red Sea at the Gulf of Eilat (Aqaba). It is bordered by Egypt to the southwest, by Jordan to the east, and by Syria and Lebanon to the north. It shares borders with Jordan at the Jordan River and the Dead Sea. The West Bank and the Gaza Strip have been under Israeli de-facto rule since 1967. In addition to the majority Palestinian Arab populations living in these regions, the Israeli Government has built many Israeli settlements in the West Bank as well as in the annexed Golan Heights.

The three major monotheistic religions—Judaism, Christianity, and Islam—all have historical ties to the region. The Holy Land thus contains a vibrant modern history and culture, based in part on diversity. These aspects make the Holy Land a fascinating destination for many travelers and pilgrims. As a result of this vast blend of culture, in addition to the official languages of Hebrew and Arabic, Russian, French, Spanish, Amharic and Yiddish are also spoken by a significant minority of Israelis. English in many ways acts as second language. Within Israel's recognized pre-1967 borders, about 80% of Israelis identify themselves as Jewish, the remainder classify themselves as either as Arab and/or Palestinian, Bedouin or Druze.

The Holy Land is a highly urbanized and economically developed society and is therefore best divided for the traveler into its main cities and towns, followed by the regions and other sites.

Electricity

The voltage is 220 V, and the frequency is 50 Hz. The electric outlets used are type H and Type C. Type H is a uniquely Israeli three-pronged standard, but most modern type H outlets can also accept type C European two-pronged plugs. In fact, most electronic devices in the Holy Land use type C plugs. Electricity is supplied by the Israel Electric Corporation. The special phone number 103 can be used to reach the customer service center.

Climate

Summer in the Holy Land is very hot, the coastal areas are humid as well as hot, and the landscapes are parched brown since it never rains in summer. The other three seasons, in contrast, have absolutely beautiful weather. In spring and autumn the temperature is near-perfect every day and nearly all days are sunny ,winter is a mixture of cold rainy days and cool, sunny days which are great for hiking and touring. So while summer may be the most convenient time to visit Holy Land, any other season is much more agreeable.

Regions

The Holy Land possesses a number of diverse regions, with landscapes varying between coast, mountain, valley and desert landscapes, with just about everything in between. Beyond the towns and cities, each region of the Holy Land holds its own unique attractions. The metropolitan areas ofJerusalemand Tel Aviv form very much their own regions; from north to south.

Cities of the Holy Land